24 Feb How Do Rocks Form Out of Water?
By: Brooke E. McKay
Water and the unique effect it has on our lives and the processes of creation cannot be overemphasized. The Earth was formed from primordial water, then a crystallization process formed the rocks and minerals we see all around us as mountains and continents. Along with this being an extraordinary claim, it is also an extremely different scenario compared to what modern science teaches today of Earth and rock formation. Rest assured, there is plenty of extraordinary physical, testable evidence found in the Universal Model that attests to this claim’s veracity. Rocks themselves have a story to tell, and nearly all testify of their waterborne existence.
Water is the universal substance that provides a medium in which all natural crystalline minerals formed and will form. Modern geology has failed to comprehend how the Earth formed because it has not recognized the fact that natural crystals come from water. The formation of crystalline solids out of a solution, either chemically or by changes to temperature and/or pressure, is called precipitation.
Solids can crystallize from a gas or a liquid but in nature, the vast majority of minerals form as the result of a liquid process. Nearly all of the Earth’s minerals were formed in processes involving water. We know this because virtually all natural minerals are crystals. The regularly ordered, repeating pattern found in crystals is a simple key to understanding the origin of most all of our Earth’s natural minerals.
There are a few experiments or demonstrations that are simple enough for you to do at home to prove this concept. Learn and read more in Chapter 7, The Hydroplanet Model.
1.Making your Own Ice Enhydros
Rocks that contain observable water with an air bubble are called enhydros. These are naturally formed specimens and can be found all around the world. Though unfamiliar to most people, enhydro rocks profoundly demonstrate that these minerals were grown in a water environment. When crystal growth is rapid, the liquid-gas in which the crystals grew can become trapped. You can actually make your own Ice Cube Enhydro if you can freeze the water fast enough. Of course there should be no confusion as to how water became trapped in the frozen ice cube. The existence of water inside the bubble clearly establishes that a water environment was present when the ice cube was frozen. In the same way, mineral enhydros inform us of the mineralized water solution in which the enhydro grew. It is extremely common to read that enhydros have water in them that is millions of years old but there is zero empirical evidence to support that claim.
2. Release Water out of Rocks.
What would you think if you heard that all rocks contained water? Although generally unknown to the public, researchers have known for decades that rocks and minerals contain water. This unsolved piece of Nature’s puzzle has just been neatly tucked away because it directly contradicts a molten melt origin. Trapped inside the rock beyond the limits of visible observation, deep within the molecular or crystal lattice structure, water exists.
Evidence that rocks came from water, not a melt, can be demonstrated easily by simply heating rocks. Because rocks contain water in their microstructure, when they are heated, the water will expand, vaporize and escape. This can be verified by comparing the weight of a rock prior to heating to the weight of the rock after heating. After the rock is heated and some of the water in the rocks molecular structure is released through steam, it will never weigh the same as it did before heating. Caution, rocks can pop/explode it they are heated too quickly or at too high a temperature. Also make sure you wait for the heated rocks to return back to room temp before reweighing them. An electric scale that goes to 1000th of a gram will be needed and you can pick one up online for around $20 on ebay or amazon.
3. Grow your own Crystals out of Water.
Creating a supersaturated sugar solution by heating water and continually adding and dissolving sugar will give you the base to grown your own tasty waterborne crystals. You can add food coloring to make them more visually appealing but the outcome will be the same, your very own crystals grown out of a water environment. Temperature reduction is a method of precipitating minerals. Because of the change in temperature from boiling hot to room temp as it is left out to cool over time, a precipitate, or sugar crystals, will grow. We poured our sugar/water solution into muffin tins that were lined with foil and covered with a towel and left for 1 week to get these crystals you see in the photos below. They worked great as cupcake toppers for a Rock-ing Party we had. 🙂 This is essentially the same process in which massive natural salt formations found around the world were formed. By changing the temperature as well as the pressure and minerals used you can form all different kinds of rocks such as quartz or sandstone, however this will take a more advanced device known as an autoclave in order to achieve the desired amounts of pressure.
To learn more about how these crystals and geological structures formed click here
Brooke McKay is the daughter of the founder of the Universal Model and its foundations in Millennial Science. She resides in Mesa, Arizona with her husband and their four young boys. As mother of four boys Brooke has four reasons, other than being involved with the UM, that her house is full of rocks, dirt, bugs and experiments. She has a passion for writing, reading, speaking, teaching and learning; especially when it comes to traveling and exploring the world around her. Her favorite thing about being a part of the UM is seeing others eyes light up when they make connections to truth through asking fundamental questions. She is the co-author of the book Introduction to the Universal Model and a blogger and speaker for UMScienceKids.com.